Cardiff is the capital of Wales. It was made into a city in 1905, after making prominence as an established port for the transportation of coal. Cardiff's development of a new waterfront area at Cardiff bay is home to the Welsh Assembly.
Cardiff offers a range of large national and multi-national employers, based in and around the city-region. One in Five employees in Cardiff is based in the hotel, restaurant and distribution sectors due to its strong tourism links. Cardiff is the most popular visitor destination in Wales.
40% of those employed in Cardiff commute into the city. Cardiff benefits from many UK and welsh headquarters. Today Cardiff is the principal Finance and Business Services centre in Wales. Cardiff has a strong media industry, second only to London. Over 600 companies form the prominent TV production sector which employs around 6,000 employees.
There are four main higher education institutions in Cardiff: Cardiff University, The University of Wales Institute, The University of Glamorgan and The Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama.
Famous names to come out of Cardiff include Shirley Bassey, Roald Dahl and the band Catatonia.