York

York is a walled city within North Yorkshire. It has a population of over 202,000 people. York is a very popular place to live and work; it has a thriving tourism industry and is also the home of the University of York, which was opened in 1963.

York was a major railway city within the 19th Century. The railway was brought into York by railway entrepreneur George Hudson in 1839. The railway system accounted for the expansion of industry within York, whilst also providing a great many jobs within the area.

York is a very popular destination for tourists and the city has a great many attractions for visitors. The National Railway Museum was built in 1975 and provides visitors with a comprehensive overview of the history of Britain's railways. Other visitor destinations include the Yorvik Viking Museum, the York Dungeons and York Minster, amongst others.

Employment in York now lies firmly within the service sectors, which include public sector work, health, finance and education. Employment is also driven by the tourism that York regularly attracts from other parts of the UK and overseas. One of the top employers is the city of York council, which creates a large number of jobs within York. York's creation of a science park has improved the city's relevance for IT and technology firms and there has also been a significant increase in companies within these sectors in recent years.

Historically, the two main areas of employment within York lied within transport and chocolate manufacture. Railways and carriage work drove the economy forwards significantly and York became the headquarters for the North Eastern Railway, a large employer within the city, at the turn of the 20th Century. Two big names in the chocolate industry, Nestle and Terry's had chocolate factories in York, also providing large scale employment until the recession caused factory closures and job losses within the chocolate industry.

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